If you have a stress fracture, you should stop running immediately and see a doctor. Your injury will likely keep you off the roads for about six weeks, and depending on the severity of the stress fracture you may need a cast. Don't screw around with this, it's a serious injury. With all that extra downtime, you'll have plenty of opportunity to stretch your calves and strengthen your anterior leg muscles. Do wall pushups, and be particularly careful not to overstretch; ease into your stretches gradually. Do these several times a day, and especially before and after you run. Treatment for sesamoiditis is usually noninvasive. Minor cases require a strict period of rest and the use of a modified shoe or a shoe pad with a cutout to reduce pressure on the affected area. A metatarsal pad can be placed away from the joint to redistribute the pressure of weight bearing to other parts of the forefoot. In addition, the big toe may be bound with tape or athletic strapping to immobilize the joint as much as possible and allow healing to occur. Oral anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to reduce swelling. Women are at higher risk than men for severe foot pain, probably because of wearing high-heeled shoes, and possibly because of wearing shoes that may be too narrow. Older Women- Severe foot pain appears to be a major cause of general disability in older women. In one study, 14% of older disabled women reported chronic, severe foot pain, which played a major role in requiring assistance for walking and doing daily activities. People who engage in regular high-impact aerobic exercise are at risk for plantar fasciitis , heel spurs, sesamoiditis, shin splints , Achilles tendinopathy , and stress fractures Medical Conditions This kind of pain is commonly caused by an injury or shoes that are too tight. The location of the pain is usually between the third and fourth toe; the pain can be located between the second and third toe as well. The ground pushes up on the nerve, with each step, causing the nerve to be pinched between the bones of the toes. The nerve normally gets bigger from the pinching and increases in pain as the problem gets worse. Inherited Conditions. Inherited abnormalities in the back, legs, or feet can cause pain. For example, one leg may be shorter than the other, causing an imbalance. As the saying goes, ?an ounce of prevention is better than cure.? This is so true for metatarsalgia. If you are active and enjoy athletics, particularly high-impact sports, you are at risk of metatarsalgia. To help protect your feet, wear good shoes. Choose low-heeled shoes with good cushioning and support. Footwear with a wide toe box and a rocker sole distribute the weight on the bottom of your foot. And of course, wear shoes that fit right. Pain often forces a person to walk on the outside of the foot in an effort to avoid stepping on the ball of the foot. A temporary reduction in activity is important in athletes, particularly runners. Cross training with swimming and cycling can help maintain cardiovascular fitness while sparing the plantar fascia from pounding. Runners should avoid hills and make sure that any foot abnormality be corrected with custom orthotics. Shoes with soft heels and inner soles can relieve discomfort. Rigid heel cups and arch supports are generally not recommended. The patient may gradually resume normal activities over an eight week period of time. Rushing rehabilitation is not advised. The major structure here is the Achilles tendon which extends down from the gastrocnemius muscle to attach at the rear of the calcaneus. The ball of your foot, medically referred to as metatarsal, is generally the part of the foot, minus the toes, left in contact with the ground when you raise your heel. Under certain high impact situations, the area can receive the full weight of your body. And repetitive stress to the ball of foot is a cause of metatarsalgia. Underlying Medical Conditions ? Bunions, rheumatoid arthritis, fluid in the toe area, Morton?s neuroma and diabetes are known to cause metatarsalgia. Lose weight. If you are carrying extra weight, even a small amount of weight loss can help take some of the pressure off of your feet and reduce the pain. One of the most common errors I see involve insoles bought for plantar fasciitis. It may seem intuitive for plantar fasciitis sufferers to buy the softest, thickest insole possible. Plantar Fasciitis is a type of inflammation and while heel cushioning is very important, control is even more so. Supporting the foot and reducing foot flexion will help it heal; resting in a soft insole only lets the foot sag. The majority of diabetes related neuropathy is due to sensory neuropathy. In sensory neuropathy the pain is not proportionate to the action causing the pain. Placing a sheet on a foot is extremely painful in this type of neuropathy.